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It’s important to have the right footwear for your level of hiking, more so if you are going on a walking holiday or a long distance walk like the Camino de Santiago, (and the right backpack and waterproofs). Different styles are more suitable for different levels than others. For instance, if you enjoy ultralight hiking or backpacking, some features may be surplus to your needs and therefore add unnecessary weight. On the other hand, if you’re a serious hiker, the absence of necessary features can greatly impact on your safety and comfort. (Read my review on the best lightweight hiking shoes and hiking boots)
Keeping your feet Dry
Make sure your boots are waterproof. Choose footwear made with full grain leather upper material using limited stitching, or with waterproof membranes such as Gore-Tex. Prolonged dampness in your footwear will lead to infection and blisters. Remember- dry feet are happy feet!
Get Your Boots Fitted Properly
When you consider the length of time you’ll be wearing your boots, and the places you’ll be in them, you’ll understand the importance of taking the time to get your boots fitted properly. At 53° North they have footwear specialist who can take you through a number of steps which will ensure you make the right selection, it is where I buy my outdoor gear. This thread on the forum is the experience of one of the members having to return boots.
Get Good Socks
Don’t skimp on the socks. A pair of breathable, cushioned socks will vastly improve your comfort when hiking. We recommend Merino wool socks, as they are comfortable and breathe exceptionally well.
Types of Walking Boots
Light walking footwear is very flexible and designed principally for day hikes. It will have a lightweight upper with a stable yet very flexible sole. Due to its lightweight nature, casual travelers will appreciate this style of footwear also.
Hiking footwear is intended for day trips or longer journeys with a light load. Such footwear offers good flexibility, cushioning and breathability, but with less support and less durability than backpacking boots.
Backpacking walking boots are built for all kinds of loads, on or off the trail. They are durable and supportive and have varying degrees of flexibility. It’s worth noting that boots like these usually require some breaking-in time.
Mountaineering boots, with stiffened midsoles, are designed for moderate to heavy loads on or off the trail. These are the toughest boots with the greatest level of support. Some of these boots are compatible with crampons.
Design of Your Boots
Low cut boots give you the greatest amount of lightweight flexibility which is ideal for hiking with lighter loads on well-maintained trails or paths.
Mid-cut boots wrap just around your ankles, giving some cushioning and resistance to roll in the ankle. They also give a degree of protection to your ankles from rock and debris.
High cut boots come up higher over the ankles and give a greater amount of protection and support on uneven terrain, especially when carrying a heavier load. If you routinely go on longer trips and carry heavier loads, high cut boots are essential. For those not accustomed to wearing a higher cut boot, there is a period of adjusting to the more restrictive fit.
How do Upper Materials Differ?
FULL-GRAIN LEATHER is the best for durability and abrasion resistance. A good pair of leather boots can last for years. They offer great water resistance, especially where the stitching is limited in their construction. Full grain leather is more breathable than leather with a waterproof membrane. However these boots require patience – when you buy them they can be stiff and rigid, so you’ll need to break them in. Through time and wear they will mold perfectly around your feet. Once broken in, they will be supremely comfortable.
SPLIT GRAIN LEATHER is lighter and takes less time to break in than full grain leather.
NUBUCK LEATHER is full grain leather buffed to resemble suede. It’s very durable and resistant to water and abrasion.
SYNTHETIC MATERIALS are much lighter in weight and easier to break in, but offer less durability and abrasion resistance.
Waterproofing & Breathability
Firstly, do you need your boots to be waterproof? For walkers and casual summer hikers, a light fabric upper with no waterproofing but enhanced breathability may be more suitable.
If you’re trekking near water or in wet conditions, then waterproofing becomes a must. Full grain leather with limited seams is the optimum choice, combining waterproofing with breathability. The alternative footwear with breathable membranes, such as Gore-Tex. These keep feet dry with only slightly less breathability.
MIDSOLE. A midsole is a piece of stiffened material, often nylon, built into the sole of the footwear. Stiff midsoles provide a stable platform on uneven terrain while also reducing foot fatigue. For low-level walking, boots with a more flexible midsole are more suitable.
CUSHIONING. The heavier the equipment you’re carrying with you, the more important your boot’s cushioning becomes. Less cushioning is better for scrambling and climbing.
OUTSOLE MATERIAL. Rubber or Vibram rubber is used on most outdoor footwear. Vibram outsoles are known for their grip and durability. It’s worth noting that some brands are now developing outsoles made from recycled materials.
Getting the Right Fit
Walk around to check for foot movement and heel lift. In well-fitted boots your feet should be held firmly, your toes should be able to wiggle freely and your feet should not be touching the top of the boots.
Walk up an Incline to see if you can detect unusual heel lift. If so, check your foot’s positioning in the boot and tighten laces if necessary.
Go Down an Incline to check that your foot does not slide forward and that your toes do not touch the front of the boot.
Arch Support – Supportive footbeds, either off the shelf or custom molded in-store, can improve the fit of your boots, by returning the foot to its neutral position, holding the heal & arch in place and raising the foot closer to the boots laces whilst improving shock absorption. By taking these measures to support your foot in the boot you reduce foot fatigue considerably.